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This page provides some of the background information for those interested in the scientific details of cellulose/paper degradation and on the use of chemiluminescence in the studies of polymer durability. For background information please see:

Matija Strlic, Jana Kolar (Eds.): 
"Ageing and stabilisation od paper"
National and University Library (2005)


Some of the project-related or often cited scientific papers on cellulose/paper degradation and chemiluminescence, in the order of publication date, are listed below.
Matija Strlic and Jana Kolar:
Size exclusion chromatography of cellulose in LiCl/N,N-dimethylacetamide. Review
J. Biochem. Biophys. Meth. 56 (2003) 265-279

Matija Strlic, Drago Kocar, Jana Kolar, Jozef Rychly, Boris Pihlar:
Degradation of pullulans of narrow molecular weight distribution - the role of aldehydes in the oxidation of polysaccharides
Carbohydrate Polymers 54 (2003) 221-228

A. Baranski, A. Konieczna-Molenda, J. M. Lagan, L. M. Proniewicz:
Catastrophic room temperature degradation of cotton cellulose
Restaurator 24 (2003) 36-45

A. Baranski, R. Dziembaj, A. Konieczna-Molenda, J. M. Lagan, S. Walas:
The effect of aluminum sulfate on acid degradation of cellulose
Przemysl chemiczny 82 (2003) 1109-1112

A. Baranski, T. Lojewski, K. Zieba:
Acidic Books in Poland
Proceedings of the International Conference “Chemical Technology of Wood, Pulp and Paper”, September 17.-19. 2003, Bratislava, Slovak Republic, pp. 398-401

T. Lojewski, J. Gucwa:
Can Newsprint Benefit from the Neschen Deacidification Treatment?
Proceedings of the International Conference “Chemical Technology of Wood, Pulp and Paper”, September 17.-19. 2003, Bratislava, Slovak Republic, pp. 408-411

M. Bertrand, G. Weber, B. Schoefs:
Metal determination and quantification in biological material using particle-induced X-ray emission
TRAC 22 (2003) 254-262

Matija Strlic and Jana Kolar:
Evaluating and enhancing paper stability - the needs and recent trends
Postpr. 5th EC Conf. 'Cultural Herit. Res.: Pan-Eur. Challenge', Cracow, Poland, May 16-18 2002, pp. 79-86

D. Kocar, M. Strlic, J. Kolar, B. Pihlar:
A new method for determination of hydroperoxides in cellulose
Anal. Bioanal. Chem. 374 (2002) 1218-1222

Jozica Dolenc, Boris Sket and Matija Strlic:
Are quinone methides responsible for yellowing of paper in light?
Tetrahedron Letters 43 (2002) 5669-5671

J. Malesic, J. Kolar, M. Strlic:
Effect of pH and Carbonyls on the Degradation of Alkaline Paper
Restaurator 23 (2002) 145-153

R. Stol, J. L. Pedersoli Jr., H. Poppe, W. T. Kok:
Application of size exclusion electrochromatography to the microanalytical determination of the molecular mass distribution of celluloses from objects of cultural and historical value
Anal. Chem. 74 (2002) 2314-2320

Jozef Rychlý, Matija Strlic, Lyda Matisová-Rychlá and Jana Kolar:
Chemiluminescence from paper I. Kinetic analysis of thermal oxidation of cellulose
Polymer Degradation and Stability 78 (2002) 357-367

Lecon Woo, Craig Sandford, Henk Blom and Y. Samuel Ding:
Use of a CCD imager for simultaneous DSC-chemiluminescence and multiple sample polymer degradation studies
Thermochimica Acta 392-393 (2002) 23-27

L. M. Proniewicz, C. Paluszkiewicz, A. Weselucha-Birczynska, A. Baranski, D. Dutka:
FT-IR and FT-Raman study of hydrothermally degraded groundwood containing papers
J. Mol. Struct. 614 (2002) 345-353

P. Calvini, A. Gorassini:
FTIR - Deconvolution spectra of paper documents
Restaurator 23 (2002) 1-66

P. Calvini, A. Gorassini:
The degrading action of iron and copper on paper - A FTIR-deconvolution analysis
Restaurator 23 (2002) 205-221

T. Corrales, F. Catalina, C. Peinado, N. S. Allen and E. Fontanc:
Photooxidative and thermal degradation of polyethylenes: interrelationship by chemiluminescence, thermal gravimetric analysis and FTIR data
Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology A: Chemistry 147 (2002) 213-224

M. Bicchieri, S. Ronconi, F. P. Romano, L. Pappalardo, M. Corsi, G. Cristoforetti, S. Legnaioli, V. Palleschi, A. Salvetti, E. Tognoni:
Study of foxing stains on paper by chemical methods, infrared spectroscopy, micro-X-ray fluorescence spectrometry and laser induced breakdown spectroscopy
Spectrochimica Acta Part B 57 (2002) 1235-1249

A. Baranski:
Ageing Kinetics of Cellulose and Paper
Restaurator 23 (2002) 77-88

H. Hakkanen, J. Houni, S. Kaski and J. E. I. Korppi-Tommola:
Analysis of paper by laser-induced plasma spectroscopy
Spectrochim. Acta B 56 (2001) 737-742

L. M. Proniewicz, C. Paluszkiewicz, A. Weselucha-Birczynska, H. Majcherczyk, A. Baranski, A. Konieczna:
FT-IR and FT-Raman study of hydrothermally degradated cellulose
J. Mol. Struct. 596 (2001) 163-169, Sp. Iss.

Matija Strlic, Jana Kolar, Boris Pihlar, Jozef Rychlý, Lyda Matisová-Rychlá:
Initial degradation processes of cellulose at elevated temperatures revisited - chemiluminescence evidence
Polymer Degradation and Stability 72 (2001) 157-162

S. Margutti, G. Conio, P. Calvini, E. Pedemonte:
Hydrolytic and oxidative degradation of paper
Restaurator 22 (2001) 67-83

Jana Kolar, Matija Strlic and Boris Pihlar:
New colourimetric method for determination of hydroxyl radicals during ageing of cellulose
Analytica Chimica Acta 431 (2001) 313-319

R. E. Press:
Observations on the foxing of paper
Int. Biodeter. Biodegrad. 48 (2001) 94-97

Matija Strlic, Jana Kolar and Boris Pihlar:
Some preventive cellulose antioxidants studied by an aromatic hydroxylation assay
Polymer Degradation and Stability 73 (2001) 535-539

E. Franceschi D. Palazzi and E. Pedemonte:
Thermoanalytical contribution to the study on paper degradation. Characterisation of oxidised paper
J. Therm. Anal. Calorim. 66 (2001) 349-358

B. Wagner, E. Bulska, T. Meisel and W. Wegscheider:
Use of atomic spectrometry for the investigation of ancient manuscripts
J. Anal. Atom. Spectrom. 16 (2001) 417-420

M. Ali, A. M. Emsley, H. Herman, R. J. Heywood:
Spectroscopic studies of the ageing of cellulosic paper
Polymer 42 (2001) 2893-2900

S. Soares, N. M. P. S. Ricardo, F. Heatley and E. Rodrigues:
Low temperature thermal degradation of cellulosic insulating paper in air and transformer oil
Polym. Int. 50 (2001) 303-308

J. Rychlý, Lyda Matisová-Rychlá, P. Tiemblo, J. Gomez-Elvira:
The effect of physical parameters of isotactic polypropylene on its oxidisability measured by chemiluminescence method. Contribution to the spreading phenomenon
Polym. Degrad. Stab. 71 (2001) 253

Matija Strlic, Jana Kolar, Boris Pihlar, Jozef Rychlý, Lyda Matisová-Rychlá:
Chemiluminescence during thermal and thermo-oxidative degradation of cellulose
European Polymer Journal 36 (2000) 2351-2358

J. L. Pedersoli Jr., F. J. Ligterink, G. di Pietro:
Browning of paper - Fluorescence changes accompanying the discoloration of artificially aged paper
PapierRestaurierung 1 (2000) 47-54

J. Rychlý, L. Rychla, M. Strlic:
Kinetic aspects of chemiluminescence response to periodic changes of temperature during thermal treatment of cellulose
Polymer International 49 (2000) 981-986

F. Konoma, X. Cai, Z. Osawa:
Chemiluminescence from the thermal and photo-oxidation of several wood pulps Polymer Degrada
Polymer Degradation and Stability 69 (2000) 105-111

J. L. Pedersoli:
Effect of cellulose crystallinity on the progress of thermal oxidative degradation of paper
J. Appl. Polym. Sci. 78 (2000) 61-66

Henrik Tylli, Ingegerd Forsskahl, Carola Olkkonen:
The effect of heat and IR radiation on the fluorescence of cellulose
Cellulose 7 (2000) 133-146

Henk Porck:
The Rate of Paper Degradation. The Predictive Value of Artificial Ageing Tests
ECPA, Amsterdam, 2000

Henk J. Porck, Rene Teygeler:
Preservation Science Survey
Council on Library and Information Resources, Washington & ECPA, Amsterdam, 2000

B. Lánská, L. Matisová-Rychlá, J. Broek and J. Rychlý:
Chemiluminescence of polyamides II. Luminescence accompanying thermooxidation of lactam-based polyamides related to the content of end-groups of molecules
Polymer Degradation and Stability 66 (1999) 433-444

A. Baranski:
On the usefulness of Campbell's concept of the rate-determining step
Solid State Ionics 117 (1999) 123-128

Karin Jacobson, Gunnar Färnert, Bengt Stenberg, Björn Terselius, Torbjörn Reitberger:
Stress-induced chemiluminescence instrument for the study of oxidation of polymers subjected to stress
Polymer Testing 18 (1999) 523-531

Lev Zlatkevich, Donald J. Burlett:
Chemiluminescence in studying the thermal oxidation of rubber compounds
Polymer Degradation and Stability 65 (1999) 53-58

L. Achimsky, L. Audouin, J. Verdu, L. Rychlá, J. Rychlý:
The effect of oxygen pressure on the rate of polypropylene oxidation determined by chemiluminescence
European Polymer Journal 35 (1999) 557-563

K. L. Kato, R. E. Cameron:
A Review of the Relationship Between Thermally-Accelerated Ageing of Paper and Hornification
Cellulose 6 (1999) 23-40

J. L. Pedersoli, Jr.:
The Development of Micro-Analytical Methodologies for the Characterisation of the Condition of Paper
Pre-prints of the 9th International Congress of IADA, 16-21 August 1999, M. S. Koch (Ed.), Copenhagen, 1999, 107-114

J. Kolar, M. Strlic, G. Novak, B. Pihlar:
Aging and stabilization of alkaline paper
Journal of Pulp and Paper Science 24 (1998) 89-94

Elena Selli, Pier Luigi Beltrame, Giovanni Testa, Anna Maria Bonfatti, Elena Rossi, Alberto Seves:
Kinetic studies on the accelerated aging of cellulosic materials
Die Angewandte Makromolekulare Chemie 257 (1998) 63-69

S. Soares, G. Camino, S. Levchik:
Effect of metal carboxylates on the thermal decomposition of cellulose
Polymer Degradation and Stability 62 (1998) 25-31

Stephen W. Bigger, John Scheirs, Giovanni Camino:
An investigation of the kinetics of cellulose degradation under non-isothermal conditions
Polymer Degradation and Stability 62 (1998) 33-40

D. Slawinska, J. Slawinski:
Chemiluminescence of cereal products II. Chemiluminescence spectra
Journal of Bioluminescence and Chemiluminescence 13 (1998) 13-19

B. Lánská, L. Matisová-Rychlá, J. Rychlý:
Chemiluminescence of polyamides: I. Luminescence accompanying autoxidation of lactams and thermolysis of lactam hydroperoxides
Polymer Degradation and Stability 61 (1998) 119-127

D. R. Kohler, C. Kröhnke:
Chemiluminescence as an industrial test method for antioxidant effectiveness in polyolefins - 1. Fundamental considerations
Polymer Degradation and Stability 62 (1998) 385-393

A. J. Gronroos, M. Pitkanen, M. Vuolle:
Radical formation in peroxide-bleached kraft pulp
Journal of Pulp and Paper Science 24 (1998) 286-290

Gustav Ahlblad, Bengt Stenberg, Björn Terselius, Torbjörn Reitberger:
Imaging Chemiluminescence Instrument for the Study of Heterogeneous Oxidation Effects in Polymers
Polymer Testing 16 (1997) 59-73

P. Calvini, E. ranceschi, D. Palazzi, P. F. Rossi:
Interactions between paper and adsorbed molecules - A preliminary study and some experimental results
Journal of Thermal Analysis 49 (1997) 573-580

Stefan J. H. F. Arts, Erwin J. M. Mombarg, Herman van Bekkum, Roger A. Sheldon:
Hydrogen peroxide and oxygen in catalytic oxidation of carbohydrates and related compounds
Synthesis-Stuttgart (1997) 597-613

Jana Kolar:
Mechanism of Autoxidative Degradation of Cellulose
Restaurator 18 (1997) 163-176

M. E. Conti:
The content of heavy metals in food packaging paper boards: an atomic absorption spectroscopy investigation
Food Research International 30 (1997) 343-348

A. M. Emsley, R. J. Heywood, M Ali, C. M. Eley:
On the kinetics of degradation of cellulose
Cellulose 4 (1997) 1-5

P. Calvini, E. Franceschi, D. Palazzi:
Artificially induced slow-fire in sized papers: FTIR, TG, DTA and SEM analyses
Science and Technology for Cultural Heritage 5 (1996) 1-11

A. Kron, B. Stenberg, T. Reitberger, N. C. Billingham:
Chemiluminescence from oxidation of polypropylene: Correlation with peroxide concentration
Polymer Degradation and Stability 53 (1996) 119-127

M. Ali, D.C. Apperley, C.D. Eley, A.M. Emsley, R.K. Harris:
A solid state NMR study of cellulose degradation
Cellulose 3 (1996) 77-90

X. Zou, T. Uesaka, N. Gurnagul:
Prediction of paper permanence by accelerated aging II. Comparison of the predictions with natural aging results
Cellulose 3 (1996) 269-279

X. Zou, T. Uesaka, N. Gurnagul:
Prediction of paper permanence by accelerated aging I. Kinetic analysis of the aging process
Cellulose 3 (1996) 243-267

L. Matisová-Rychlá, J. Rychlý:
Inherent relations of chemiluminescence and thermooxidation of polymers
Polymer Durability, Degradation, Stabilization and Lifetime Prediction, R. Clough, N. Billingham, K. Gillen (Eds.), Advances in Chemistry Series 249 (1996) 175

J. C. Shahani, F. H. Hengemihle, D. Kresh:
Effect of Some Deacidification Agents on Copper-Catalyzed Degradation of Paper
The Library of Congress - Preservation Research and Testing Series No. 9501 (1995)

John A. Schmidt, Carl S. Rye, Norayr Gurnagul:
Lignin inhibits autoxidative degradation of cellulose
Polymer Degradation and Stability 49 (1995) 291-297

A.M. Emsley, R.J. Heywood:
Computer modelling of the degradation of linear polymers
Polymer Degradation and Stability 49 (1995) 145-149

X. Zou, N. Gurnagul:
The role of lignin in the mechanical permanence of paper: Part II. Effect of acid groups
J. Wood Chem. Technol. 15 (1995) 247-262

Chandru J. Shahani:
Accelerated Aging of Paper: Can it Really Foretell the Permanence of Paper
Preservation Research and Testing Series No. 9503, 1995

X. Zou, N. Gurnagul, T. Uesaka, J. Bouchard:
Accelerated aging of papers of pure cellulose: mechanism of cellulose degradation and paper embrittlement
Polymer Degradation and Stability 43 (1994) 393-402

Norayr Gurnagul, Xuejun Zou:
Effect of atmospheric pollutants on paper permanence. A literature review
TAPPI Journal 77 (1994) 199-204

A.M. Emsley, G.C. Stevens:
Kinetics and Mechanisms of the low temperature degradation of cellulose
Cellulose 1 (1994) 26-56

P. M. Whitmore, J. Bogaard:
Determination of the cellulosic scission route in the hydrolytic and oxidative degradation of paper
Restaurator 15 (1994) 26-45

H. Schleicher, H. Lang:
Carbonyl and carboxyl groups in pulps and cellulose products
Papier 48 (1994) 765-768

X. Wu, X. Zeng, F. Yang:
Archaeological applications of PIXE and IXX for paperlike objects at Fudan University
Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research B75 (1993) 485-462

N. Gurnagul, R. C. Howard, X. Zou, T. Uesaka, D. H. Page:
Mechanical permanence of paper: A literature review
Journal of Pulp and Paper Science 19 (1993) J160-J166

J. M. Gromek, M. R. Derrick:
Photo-induced chemiluminescence: A sensitive probe of oxidative changes in organic materials
Polym. Degrad. Stab. 39 (1993) 216-268

X. Zou, N. Gurnagul, T. Uesaka:
The role of lignin in the mechanical permanence of paper. Part I: Effects of lignin content
J. Pulp Pap. Sci. 19 (1993) J235-J239

R. Cambria, P. Del Carmine, M. Grange, F. Lucarelli, P. A. Mando:
A methodological test of external beam PIXE analysis on inks of ancient manuscripts
Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research B75 (1993) 488-492

P. Del Carmine, F. Lucarelli, P. A. Mando, A. Pecchioli:
The external PIXE setup for the analysis of manuscripts at the Florence University
Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research B75 (1993) 480-484

N. Gurnagul, D. H. Page, M. G. Paice:
The effect of cellulose degradation on the strength of wood pulp fibres
Nord. Pulp Pap. Res. J. 7 (1992) 152-154

N. C. Billingham, E. T. H. Then, P. J. Gijsman:
Chemiluminescence from peroxides in polypropylene. Part I. Relation of luminescence to peroxide content
Polymer Degradation and Stability 34 (1991) 263-277

V. Mosini et al.:
Derivative infrared spectroscopy and electron spectroscopy for chemical analysis of ancient paper documents
Cell. Chem. Technol. 24 (1990) 263-272

B. Y. Kim et al.:
Degradation mechanism of paper by UV treatment
Jpn Tappi J. 2 (1990) 62-68

Z. Osawa:
Role of Metals and Metal-Deactivators in Polymer degradation
Polymer Degradation and Stability 20 (1988) 203-236

T. A. Cahill, R. N. Schwab, B. H. Kusko, R. A. Eldred, G. Möller, D. Dutschke, D. L. Wick, A. S. Pooley:
The Vinland Map, Revisited: New Compositional Evidence on Its Inks and Parchment
Analytical Chemistry 59 (1987) 829-833

E. Sjöström, O. Välttilä:
Inhibition of Carbohydrate Degradation During Oxygen Bleaching, Part 2: The Catalytic Activity of Transition Metals and the Effect of Magnesium and Triethanolamine
Pap. Puu 69 (1987) 37-43

G. D. Mendenhall, H. K. Agarwal:
Slow chemiluminescence emission from polymers with a hyperbolic decay law. A survey of commercial materials with an apparatus of a wide aperture
Journal of Applied Polymer Science 33 (1987) 1259-1274

Horace S. Isbell and Harriet L. Frush:
Mechanisms for hydroperoxide degradation of disaccharides and related compounds
Carbohydrate Research 161 (1987) 181-193

N. Gurnagul:
Photoacoustic Frourier Transform Infrared measurements on Paper
J. Pulp Pap. Sci. 12 (1986) J156-J159

R. Blattner, R. J. Ferrier:
Effects of iron, copper and chromate ions on the oxidative degradation of cellulose model compounds
Carbohydrate research 138 (1985) 73-82

Nelson Duran, Hector Mansilla:
Biomass photochemistry - Part V. Modifications of lignin by photochemical treatment and its chemiluminescence
Journal of Macromolecular Science - Chemistry A21 (1984) 1467-1485

F. Shafizadeh:
Introduction to pyrolysis of biomass
Journal of Analytical and Applied Pyrolysis 3 (1982) 283-305

J. S. Arney, A. H. Chapdelaine:
Kinetic study of influence of acidity on accelerated aging of paper
Advances in Chemistry Series no 193 (1981) pp 189-204

F. Shafizadeh, A. G. W. Bradbury:
Thermal degradation of cellulose in air and nitrogen at low temperatures
J. Appl. Polym. Sci. 23 (1979) 1431-1442

J. C. Williams:
Paper permanence: a step in addition to alkalisation
Restaurator 3 (1979) 81-90

G. B. Kelly, G. D. Mendenhall, J. C. Williams, C. A. Ogle:
The use of chemiluminescence in the study of paper permanence
Durability of Macromolecular Meterials; Advances in Chemistry Series no 95 (1979) pp 117-125

A. Hernadi:
Change of functional groups and optical properties of cellulose during thermal ageing
Pap. Puu 59 (1977) 566-573

S. Hernadi:
Degradation of cellulose during combined thermo-hydrolytic and thermo-oxidative treatment
Cell. Chem. Technol. 11 (1977) 131-140

A. Hernadi:
Change of functional groups and optical properties of cellulose during thermal ageing
Pap. Puu 59 (1977) 566-573

G. D. Mendenhall:
Analytical Applications of Chemiluminescence
Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl. 16 (1977) 225-232

Nyok-Sai Hon:
Formation of free radicals in photoirradiated cellulose - 6. Effect of lignin
J. Polym. Sci. Polym. Chem. Ed. 13 (1975) 2641-2652

T. P. Czepiel:
The Influence of Selected Metal Traces on the Color and Color Stability of Purified Cotton Linters
TAPPI 43 (1960) 289-299
Papylum. Anno MMII